[RES_APO] METHOD OF ANALYSIS OF THE RESILIENCE AND ADAPTABILITY IN SOCIAL HOUSING COMPLEXES THROUGH POST OCCUPANCY EVALUATION AND CO-PRODUCTION.
[Institutes]Faculty of Architecture and Urbanism and Design (FAUeD) – Federal University of Uberlândia; Sheffield School of Architecture – University of Sheffield (TUoS), UK.
[Period] 2016 – 2017 (11 months)
[Financing] Santander Research Mobility Awards (January, 2016 – £4.000)
[Resume] The current social and climatic changes observed require an urgent revision of urbanization strategies around the world, to reduce environmental and social impacts, as well as to develop the resilience of built environments. The main challenges are the densification of low density suburbs, the use of constructive systems and appropriate materials, design techniques and construction for specific climatic zones, besides the existent habitational adaptation with new technologies. In developing countries, the low level of quality in architecture and urbanism increase the social vulnerability that affects millions of people who find it difficult to find adequate housing, which in turn is found in precarious conditions. When the governmental housing programmes try to balance out this deficit, the low quality of defined standards lead to highly inadequate houses for the residents, obligating them to make modifications to buildings which are not necessarily prepared for these adaptations, leading to the waste of material and the inefficient use of resources.
This Project will use advanced Post-Occupancy Evaluation (POE) techniques and Co-production to develop methodological analysis procedures together with Social Housing Complexes. The analysis will focus on the adaptive and transformative capacities alongside the resilience of the built environment in attendance to the necessities of the residents and the subsequent environmental impact caused by these ongoing transformations. The analysis will be centred on three elements: (i) BUILT ENVIRONMENT (building complex, taking into consideration the scales of the district, neighbourhood and unit, and the relation of impact between the built and natural environments; (ii) AGENTS (agents that interfere with the local social dynamic); (iii) USERS (residents of the complex). The evaluation will focus on social, functional, behavioural and environmental issues of the built environment. For verification, the methodological procedures developed will be applied to a case study in the city of Uberlândia – Brazil, specifically the undertaking of the governmental programme “minha casa, minha vida” located in the western area of the city.
The two study groups ([MORA] housing research of FAUeD/UFU and [People, Environment and Performance] from the SSoA, Universidade of Sheffield – TUoS) will share their respective knowledge in the areas of POE and Co-production, adaptability and Resilience to develop an international understanding of the localized solutions. The project supplies bases for the preparation of study, structuring a fundamental partnership between the two institutions. Also, promoting the excellence of investigation and know how through the exchange of knowledge between the two POE groups in England and Brazil, including innovative methodologies in the prospection of cultural, environmental, technical and functional aspects of the built environment, particularly look at interdisciplinary aspects through a combination of architecture, social sciences and engineering methods.
The aim is, with the results from this research, to make information about social housing complexes available, identifying aspects to be improved in new projects undertaken by the government with the intent to amplify the adaptive capacity and resilience of the built environment in question. This experiment can promote a real, practical, difference to residents in Brazil and protect the future, providing detailed guidelines for more adaptable, resilient, housing projects in a local context, proven through a study on POE and Co-production. The understanding of different challenges, in both countries, can further help expand the field of knowledge for under-graduate, graduate and post-graduate students from each institution, through digital exchange, as well as providing new tools and techniques for housing managers for assisting decision making.
[Keywords] resilience; social housing; post-occupancy evaluation; co-production; sustainability; ways of living.
Coordenador geral: Professor Fionn Stevenson – Sheffield School of Architecture – University of Sheffield (TUoS)
Profª Drª Simone Barbosa Villa– PPGAU-FAUeD-UFU
Prof. Dr. Fernando Garrefa– PPGAU-FAUeD-UFU
Arq. Karen Carrer Ruman de Bortolli – Architecture and Urbanism Post graduate PPGAU-FAUeD
Arq. Juliana Silva Arantes – Architecture and Urbanism Post graduate PPGAU-FAUeD
Paula Barcelos Vasconcelos – Architecture and Urbanism Undergraduate FAUeD/UFU
Vanessa Araújo Campelo – Architecture and Urbanism Undergraduate FAUeD/UFU