[BER_HOME] ASSESSING THE BUILT ENVIRONMENT RESILIENCE IN BRAZILIAN SOCIAL HOUSING
[Institutes] Faculty of Architecture and Urbanism and Design (FAUeD) – Federal University of Uberlândia; University of Cambridge – Department of Architecture – The Martin Centre for Architectural and Urban Studies, UK.
[Period] 2017 – 2019
[Financing] on request
[Resume] The current social and climatic changes observed require the urgent revision of urbanization strategies around the world, to reduce environmental and social impacts, as well as the development of the resilience of built environments. The main challenges are the use of constructive systems and appropriate materials, design techniques and construction for specific climatic zones, besides the existent habitational adaptation with new technologies. In developing countries, the low level of quality in architecture and urbanism increase the social vulnerability that affects millions of people who find it difficult to find adequate housing, which in turn is found in precarious conditions. When the governmental housing programmes try to balance out this deficit, the low quality of defined standards leads to highly inadequate houses for the residents, forcing them to make modifications to buildings which are not necessarily prepared for these adaptations, leading to the waste of material and the inefficient use of resources. In this context, the present research intends to cast a light on adaptability and resilience in Brazilian social housing developments on two fronts: (i) to understand its problems and limitations through the use of technologically advanced tools and (ii) to foster local transformations through evaluative processes proposed. In this way, the main objective is to develop technologically advanced post-occupancy evaluation (POE) methodologies for social housing development, focusing on the adaptive and transformative capacities alongside the resilience of the built environment in attendance to the necessities of the residents and the subsequent environmental impact caused by these ongoing transformations. The research will be conducted during the year 2017-2018 by two institutions: the [MORA – housing research] of The Federal University of Uberlândia, Faculty of Architecture and Urbanism and Design and [The Martin Centre for Architectural and Urban Studies – Behaviour and Building Performance] of University of Cambridge, Department of Architecture. This partnership seeks to share knowledge in the areas of POE, Sustainability, Adaptability and Resilience in order to develop an international understanding of localized solutions. The project supplies bases for the preparation of study, structuring a fundamental partnership between the two institutions. It also promotes the excellence of investigation and know-how through the exchange of knowledge between the two POE groups in England and Brazil, including innovative methodologies in the prospection of cultural, environmental, technical and functional aspects of the built environment. It focuses on interdisciplinary aspects through a combination of architecture, social sciences and engineering methods. The aim is to make information about social housing complexes available, identifying aspects to be improved in new projects undertaken by the government with the intent to amplify the adaptive capacity and resilience of the built environment in question.
[Keywords] resilience; social housing; post-occupancy evaluation; sustainability; ways of living.